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With an increase in the demand for different types of warehouses, it's crucial that businesses choose one that best fits their requirements and operations. But what exactly are the factors that lead companies to pick one type of warehouse over another? And what are all the types of warehouses in the market today?

 

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In this article, we will explain the necessity of different types of warehouses, elements that differentiate each warehouse from the others, and part one of the various types of warehouses along with their benefits.

 

Why Are There Different Types of Warehouses?

Because many industries require warehousing, stored cargo vary among all sorts of shapes and sizes. Additionally, the demand for each product varies because of factors such as price, product type, lifespan, seasonality, and growth of the population. These variances compel warehouse to specialize in certain industries and/or products in order to meet the expected handling of the required cargo.

Listed below are the factors that differentiate the types of warehouses:

  • Characteristics of products accommodated, such as size, weight, dimension, longevity, etc.

  • The proximity of a warehouse to highways, railway stations, airports, and seaports.

  • Type of equipment available to store, manage and move goods.

  • The amount of space needed for storage.

  • Ability to store goods that are sensitive to environmental conditions, such as temperature and humidity.

  • Facilities such as 24x7 security and fire-resistant.

  • Processes to provide timely service.

  • Proactive customer support.

  • Alignment of the warehouse with different transport modes.

  • Licenses and certifications to address trade permits and other legalities.

 

What Are the Different Types of Warehouses? (Part 1)

To help you familiarize with the various types of warehouses, here is part one of the list, along with each type’s definitions and benefits.

 

Government Warehouses

These warehouses cater to the government’s own storage needs but can also be used by the general public through rental. However, if a business is unable to pay their dues on time, the government has the authority to recover their rent by selling off their goods. These warehouses are owned, managed, and operated by governments or public authorities.

Characteristics and benefits of these kinds of warehouses are as follows:

    • Supply storage for local government facilities such as schools and offices.

    • Strategically placed to provide storage for disaster supply kits during disasters such as earthquakes, floods, droughts, etc.

    • Affordable rent rates charged by the government.

 

Bonded Warehouses

Bonded warehouses can store imported dutiable goods for a fixed amount of time without paying duties. When the goods are released for consumption, the payment of import duties, taxes, and other charges are collected by the proprietor who holds the liability. But when the goods are exported, drafted to be used in international traffic, or destroyed under the Customs and Border Protection’s supervision, liability is canceled, and no duties are collected.

Characteristics and benefits of these kinds of warehouses are as follows:

    • In case the goods don’t get any local demand, they can be exported and be exempted from paying duties.

    • As charges are not collected until the goods are released, it reduces the financial burden on the business for a period.

    • A wide range of products can be accommodated.

    • Most of the warehouses have alliances with freight forwarding companies, eliminating the hassle of managing the distribution and shipping logistics for the products.

 

Cross-Dock Warehouses

A cross-dock warehouse involves the transfer of goods from an inbound carrier to an outbound carrier, with little to no storage time. When goods arrive at a cross-dock warehouse, they directly go through the sorting process instead of getting stored. The large deliveries are broken up into groups according to their destination, usually the retail store, to be transported by a single truck. Without cross-docking, multiple trucks would need to deliver all the goods destined for one location. See the image below for a graphical explanation.

 

cross-docking

 

Characteristics and benefits of these kinds of warehouses are as follows:

    • Favorable shipping prices due to consolidated shipping, which eliminates the reliance on multiple shipping partners

    • Lower inventory costs, as goods are shipped without their being stored in the warehouse.

    • Faster delivery and lowers travel costs

    • Reduced material handling costs and lower risk of product damage as goods are not passed through multiple warehouse stages

 

Temperature-Controlled and Climate-Controlled Warehouses

The terms “temperature-controlled warehouse” and “climate-controlled warehouse” are often used interchangeably, but these two types of warehouses are slightly different.

Temperature-controlled warehouses maintain the temperature within a set range so that the quality of the goods remains intact. These warehouses utilize strategically placed cooling or heating units, and the requirement can vary depending on factors such as seasons and characteristics of products stored.

Characteristics and benefits of these kinds of warehouses are as follows:

    • Follow strict quality control processes to maintain the characteristics of sensitive products

    • Preserve goods against extreme temperatures

 

Types of Warehouses - Temperature-Controlled Warehouse

 

Climate-controlled warehouses differ from temperature-controlled warehouses in that they have the ability to maintain airflow, temperature range, and humidity levels to preserve very sensitive products. These facilities are equipped with high-quality HVAC systems (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning), dehumidifiers, customizable thermostats, and heavy-duty insulation to ensure superior environmental quality. Usually, these warehouses are limited and expensive.

Characteristics and benefits of these kinds of warehouses are as follows:

    • Eliminate the growth of mold and mildew that can damage goods made of wood and fabric

    • Protect electronics and expensive paintings from extreme heat, cold, and humidity

    • Deter invasion of any kind of dust or pest because they are well insulated from the outside environment

 

Hazardous Material Warehouses

These warehouses ensure high safety standards for storing and handling hazardous materials (HAZMAT), such as explosives, gases, chemicals, toxic, and radioactive substances. They employ highly trained and HAZMAT-certified employees who use personal protective equipment (PPE) to minimize exposure to hazards that can cause serious workplace injuries and illnesses. These types of warehouses are located away from densely populated areas, as they can pose a risk to public safety, property or the environment.

Characteristics and benefits of these kinds of warehouses are as follows:

    • Take protective measures to protect cargo by conducting risk assessments

    • Materials usually kept in specially designed storage units to prevent them from coming into contact with one another

 

Types of Warehouses - Hazardous Material Warehouse

Source: Evansdist

 

Summary

The emergence of many industries has given rise to a need for many types of specialized warehouses. We hope that this article has helped you get familiarized with the differences between some of them. If you want to read more about the different types of warehouses, you can read part two of this guide.

 

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